General Descriptions and Examples of EMA Methods

Bolger, N., & Laurenceau, J. P. (2013). Intensive longitudinal methods: An introduction to diary and experience sampling research. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Smyth, J. M., & Heron, K. E. (2012). Health Psychology. In M. R. Mehl & T. S. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 569-584). New York: The Guilford Press.

Conner, T. S., & Barrett, L. F. (2012). Trends in ambulatory self-reports: The role of momentary experience in psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatic Medicine, 74, 327-227.

Smyth, J. M., & Stone, A. A. (2003). Ecological Momentary Assessment research in behavioral medicine. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4(1), 35-52.

Scollon, C.N., Kim-Prieto, C., & Diener, E. (2003). Experience sampling: Promises and pitfalls, strengths and weaknesses. Journal of Happiness Studies, 4(1), 5-34.

Practical Issues and Guides to EMA Studies

Heron, K., Everhart, R., McHale, S., & Smyth, J. (2017). Using mobile technology-based Ecological Momentary Assessment [EMA] methods with youth: A systematic review and recommendations . Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 42(10), 1087-1107.

Conner, T. S., & Lehman, B. J. (2012 ). Getting started: Launching a study in daily life. In M. R. Mehl & T. S. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 89-107). New York: The Guilford Press.

Schwarz, N. (2012). Why researchers should think “real-time”: A cognitive rationale . In M. R. Mehl and T. S. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of research methods for studying daily life (pp. 22-42). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Heron, K. E., & Smyth, J. M. (2010). Ecological momentary interventions: Incorporating mobile technology into psychosocial and health behavior treatments . British Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 1-39.

Conner Christensen, T., Feldman Barrett, L., Bliss-Moreau, E., Lebo, K., & Kaschub, C. (2003 ). A practical guide to experience-sampling procedures . Journal of Happiness Studies, 4(1), 53-78.

YouTube Video

Conner, Tamlin S., & Smyth, Joshua M. (2014). Experience Sampling and Ecological Momentary Assessment: Motivation and Methods .

Books

Mehl, M.R. & Conner, T.S. (Eds.). (2012). Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life. New York: The Guilford Press.

Stone, A.A., Shiffman, S., Atienza, A. & Nebeling, L. (Eds.). (2007). The Science of Real-Time Data Capture: Self-reports in Health Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

Additional Resources

Sliwinski, M. J., Mogle, J. A., Hyun, J., Munoz, E., Smyth, J. M., & Lipton, R. B. (2018). Reliability and validity of ambulatory cognitive assessments. Assessment , 25(1), 14-30.